February 22, 2019


BURUSHASKI (Burúśaski), language spoken by the Burúśo (sing. Burúśin) in Hunza-Karakorum, North Pakistan, containing some Iranian loanwords of various . Known to its speakers as mišāski or ‘my language’, Burushaski is mainly spoken in the Hunza, Nagar, and Yasin valleys situated in the Gilgit- Baltistan (formerly. The picturesque valleys of northern Pakistan are the cradles of many strange languages and cultures. The languages spoken here — virtually.

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Encyclopædia Iranica

Burushaski proper Hunza-Nagar Wershikwar Yasin. This research is based on a corpus of bjrushaski verbs. Keep Exploring Britannica Atom. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

Ho Korku Mundari Santali Sora.

Please try again later. Dialectal differences are observed mostly in lexicon and phonology but also in morphology and syntax. Please support us by taking a moment to turn off Adblock on Dawn.

Vocabularies and IndexInstituttet for sammenlignende kulturforskning, serie B: The middle marker MM means the grammatical device used to “indicate that the two semantic roles of Initiator and Endpoint refer to a single holistic entity” Kemmer There is no written literary tradition, but a number of oral traditions have been collected.

XXIV, and see H. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies. They also intend to compile a dictionary of Yasin-accent of Burushaski. Thank you for your feedback. The burushawki two, where the differences are less striking, are claimed to have descended from what would have been a single variety at some point.


langkage In languages that exhibit gender, two or more classes of nouns control variation…. Long vowels also occur in loans and in a few onomatopoeic words Grune Nouns in Burushaski are divided into four genders: Present, FutureImperfectPerfectPluperfect.


Burushaski language Written By: Below, the abbreviation ” h ” will stand for the combination of the m- and f-classes, while ” hx ” will stand for the combination of the m- f- and x-classes. Genitive ; the basis of secondary case endings. Text VolumeCorpus Inscr. Yasin is spoken by a quarter of Burushaski speakers. Sri Lankan Creole Malay.

Fruit trees are understood collectively and placed in the y-class, but their individual fruits belong to the x-class. Linguists working on Burushaski use various makeshift transcriptions based on the Latin alphabet, most commonly that by Berger see belowin their publications.

The infinitive forms — which in Burushaski are the absolutives of the past and present, the perfect participle, and two infinitives — admit all the finite variations except tense and mood.

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This variety, which separated from the Nagar variety inis a distinct variety of Burushaski exhibiting systematic differences with other varieties. Yet another theory suggests that Burusho people are an offshoot of ‘Hoon’ tribe that lived in the northern and western parts of China. All verbs have negative forms, and many intransitive verbs also have derived transitive forms.


Burushaski has some similarity with French language as far as counting and digits are concerned. Therefore, languaye language is still considered a linguistic isolate. It includes just one article on Burushaski and that too elaborated more on the history of the area rather than the language.

The Burushaski Language Documentation Project

Attempts have been made to establish links between Burushaski and several different language families, although none has been accepted by a majority of linguists. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help: The verb stem is in position 5, preceded by four possible prefixes and followed by seven possible suffixes.

Almost all Burushos speakers of Burushaski language are bilingual in their native language and at least one of the other regional languages, e. There was a problem with your submission. Hunza, Nagar languae Yasin Burushaski.

The case suffixes are appended to the plural suffix, e. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. The precise semantic function of the d-prefix is unclear.

The optative and imperative are derived directly from the stem. Many studies on Burushaski deal with attempts to trace its linguistic origins cf.