November 27, 2018


18 Nov Oromos meeting to discuss social affairs under the shades of an Odaa Oromo society was structured in accordance with this Gada system. Unique Features of Oromo Gada Governance System Compiled and Prepared By Endale Alemu Hora MA student in Leadership and Good Governance BA in. Moral values in the Oromo Gada system: an ethno-philosopical reflection.

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One generation in Oromo covers 40 years of the life cycle. Gada is the traditional social stratification system of Oromos in Ethiopia and northern Kenya ; it is also practiced by the Gedeo people of southern Ethiopia.

Then the chance will be his. Citizen apathy is at the root of our modern political system’s crisis. Gada System of checks and balances such as respecting eight years rule, power sharing and balanced opposition of parties helps avoid subordination, exploitation, corruption and misuse of power. This transition rite is an isolation ritual which followed by election and proclamation of young Gada leaders which is purely political.?

At forty years of the gada cycle i. The basic rule of the Gada system is that the newly born infant child always enters the system of grades exactly forty years after his father, regardless of the age of the son or the father. Before they enter the Gada period or before they come to power they have to prove their capacity in military activities.

Related East Africa Ethiopia.

Unique Features of Oromo Gada Governance System | Endale Alemu –

A brief summary description of the Gada system The Oromo are known for their remarkable indigenous democratic socio-political system known as the Gada which they have kept working for the last five centuries. Preserving Heritages Is Preserving Identity.

It was the introduction of fire arms into the region by Europeans that changed the balance. Hence, he orkmo to balance the individual freedom of expression on the one hand, and the orderly environment of deliberation on the other. Their positions are linked with those of their otomo.


The transition from the third to the fourth grade is one of the most important events of the Gada institution. Among other structural elements of Gadaa system is its legislative body commonly known as Gadaa General Assembly. The Oromo political institutions and social fabrics have suffered a lot from the Abyssinian cultural gaca political domination for the last hundred and fifty years.

For sydtem, a thesis by Z. Each speaker may support or oppose the view of their sysgem and, in doing so, the views of the minority are eventually swallowed by the majority consensually. Regarding persons with special responsibilities, the Abba Gada, the elected chair of the class leadership presides over the assembly.

Discourses around the origin of democracy contain a clear binary separation between “us” and “them” which over-simplifies the complex historical evolution of political systems.

It is the stage of the incoming of Gada leaders who were elected during transition to grade IV, 16 years ago. Within the System, there is a thanks-giving ceremony known as Irrecha nationally celebrated at Lake Arsadi.

Make public decisions i. For instance, Ethiopia had a constitution since and has never become a democratic state in practice.

The conceptualisation of the postcolonial state in Africa is also highly influenced by the present predicaments see: The Oromo socio-political structures had been dismantled by the Abyssinian conquerors that came from the north. Considering the symbolic significance of Gadaa for the Oromo, as well as its structural innovations, researchers in law, indigenous studies, and pan-Africanism are exploring how the oromoo could be utilized in the 21st century.

The major activity of the Gada Assembly can be described as legislative.

It refers to temporal and religious institution in the Oromo society. Inscribed in But, they have given information on their reference to African societies that used to live along the Nile Valley and around East African peoples. Gada, a puzzle or a Maze?

Horn Affairs

Accessed in July, Finally, upon completion of the series of deliberations he asks: One is the system in which the members of each class are recruited strictly on the basis of chronological age which the anthropologists call Age Sets. The main duty of this class is military service.


Abbaa Kallachaa and Haadha Caaccuu were identified from other member of the society by possessing the ritual objects of Kallachaa and Caaccuu to play pivotal role in socio-political and religious life of the Oromo society.

Concerning its genesis,German scholar E. And they begin to grow a new hairstyle to represent their new status. The innocent person is called ‘Garraamitichaa’ which literary means an old innocent man of Walabuu.

GADAA – Socio-Political & Economic Structure of Oromo People

The school curriculum in Oromiya is designed to ensure that the knowledge and skills associated with the element are transmitted to children in their tongue. The retired Abba Gada and his council called Yuba serve as counsellors for the ruling Gada Class and are in charge of administration of justice.

Govt Moves to ‘Rehabilitate’ Opposition Protesters. Gemechu Megersa who deeply knows the culture of the Oromo society and conducted research for a long time supports the above views. Should a member of a council is absent when an important activity is in progress or important issue is discussed the activity or the meeting must be postponed until the missing councilor is summoned.

Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. All activities and life of each and every member of the Oromo was guided by an egalitarian socio- economic and political structure of the society called the Gada system. The only thing that gains automatic consensus are ideas that are close to the commonly accepted moral values. In genera Kallachaa is a symbol of peace and reconciliation. They also exchange these symbols. See What Everyone is Watching.

This second one has little to do with age where as the first has nothing to do with genealogical ties. Establishing Confidence in the Judiciary Ethiopia: